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2018年12月英語六級閱讀真題及答案 第2套 選詞填空

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Surfing the Internet during class doesn't just steal focus from the educator;it also hurts students who're already struggling to __26__ the material. A new study from Michigan State University, though, argues that all students—including high achievers—see a decline in performance when they browse the Internet during class for non-academic purposes.

To measure the effects of Internet-based distractions during class, researchers __27__ 500 students taking an introductory psychology class at Michigan State University. Researchers used ACT scores as a measure of intellectual __28__ Because previous research has shown that people with high intellectual abilities are better at __29__ out distractions, researchers believed students with high ACT scores would not show a __30__ decrease in performance due to their use of digital devices. But students who surfed the web during class did worse on their exams regardless of their ACT scores, suggesting that even the academically smartest students are harmed when they're distracted in class.

College professors are increasingly __31__ alarm bells about the effects smartphones, laptops, and tablets have on academic performance. One 2013 study of college students found that 80% of students use their phones or laptops during class, with the average student checking their digital device 11 times in a __32__ class. A quarter of students report that their use of digital devices during class causes their grades to __33__.

Professors sometimes implement policies designed to __34__ students' use of digital devices, and world where people are increasingly some instructors even confiscate (沒收)tablets and phones. In dependent on their phones, though, such strategies often fail. One international study found that 84% of people say they couldn't go a day without their smartphones. Until students are able to __35__ the pull of social networking, texting, and endlessly surfing the web, they may continue to straggle in their classes.

A) aptitude B) eradication C) evaluated D) evaporated E) filtering F) grasp G) legacy H) minimize I) obscure J) obsess K) raising L) resist M) significant N) suffer O) typical

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legacy ['legəsi]

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n. 祖先傳下來之物,遺贈物
adj. [計算

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aptitude ['æptitju:d]

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n. 才能,資質

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decline [di'klain]

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n. 衰微,跌落; 晚年
v. 降低,婉謝

 
device [di'vais]

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n. 裝置,設計,策略,設備

 
confiscate ['kɔnfiskeit]

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v. 沒收,充公,查抄

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social ['səuʃəl]

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adj. 社會的,社交的
n. 社交聚會

 
obsess [əb'ses]

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v. (使)牽掛,(使)惦念,(使)著迷,(使)困擾

 
intellectual [.intil'ektʃuəl]

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n. 知識份子,憑理智做事者
adj. 智力的

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dependent [di'pendənt]

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adj. 依靠的,依賴的,從屬的
n.

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minimize ['minimaiz]

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v. 將 ... 減到最少
[計算機] 最小化

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